King of England

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King/Queen of England (en) / イングランド国王 (ja)

list

no start of reign end of reign name family note
1 25 Dec 1066 9 Sept 1087 William I Norman
2 26 Sept 1087 2 Aug 1100 William II Norman
3 5 Aug 1100 1 Dec 1135 Henry I Norman
4 22 Dec 1135 25 Oct 1154 Stephen Blois
5 19 Dec 1154 6 Jul 1189 Henry II Plantagenet
14 Jun 1170 11 Jun 1183 Henry Plantagenet co-reign
6 3 Sept 1189 6 Apr 1199 Richard I Plantagenet
7 27 May 1199 19 Oct 1216 John Plantagenet
8 28 Oct 1216 16 Nov 1272 Henry III Plantagenet
9 20 Nov 1272 7 Jul 1307 Edward I Plantagenet
10 7 Jul 1307 25 Jan 1327 Edward II Plantagenet
11 25 Jan 1327 21 Jun 1377 Edward III Plantagenet
12 21 Jun 1377 29 Sept 1399 Richard II Plantagenet
13 30 Sept 1399 20 Mar 1413 Henry IV Lancaster
14 20 Mar 1413 31 Aug 1422 Henry V Lancaster
15 31 Aug 1422 4 Mar 1461 Henry VI Lancaster
16 4 Mar 1461 2 Oct 1470 Edward IV York
15 2 Oct 1470 11 Apr 1471 Henry VI Lancaster
16 11 Apr 1471 9 Apr 1483 Edward IV York
17 9 Apr 1483 25 Jun 1483 Edward V York
18 26 Jun 1483 22 Aug 1485 Richard III York
19 22 Aug 1485 21 Apr 1509 Henry VII Tudor
20 21 Apr 1509 28 Jan 1547 Henry VIII Tudor
21 28 Jan 1547 6 Jul 1553 Edward VI Tudor
10 Jul 1553 19 Jul 1553 Jane Grey
22 19 Jul 1553 17 Nov 1558 Mary I Tudor
23 17 Nov 1558 24 Mar 1603 Elizabeth I Tudor
24 24 Mar 1603 27 Mar 1625 James I Stuart
25 27 Mar 1625 30 Jan 1649 Charles I Stuart
30 Jan 1649 29 May 1660 Commonwealth
26 29 May 1660 6 Feb 1685 Charles II Stuart
27 6 Feb 1685 23 Dec 1688 James II Stuart
28 13 Feb 1689 28 Dec 1694 Mary II Stuart
29 13 Feb 1689 8 Mar 1702 William III
30 8 Mar 1702 1 Aug 1714 Anne Stuart 1 May 1707 Queen of Great Britain

Family tree

House of Norman

 Robert I (6th Duc de Normandie)
 +- William I the Conquerer
 |  +- Matilda de Normandie
 |  +- Robert III (8th Duc de Normandie)
 |  |  +- William (Lord of Tortosa)
 |  |  +- Richard de Normandie
 |  |  +- William III Clito (Comte de Flandre)
 |  |  +- Henry de Normandie
 |  +- Richard of Bernay, Duke of Bernay
 |  +- Cecilia de Normandie
 |  +- Adeliza de Normandie
 |  +- William II Rufus
 |  +- Constance de Normandie
 |  +- Adela de Normandie = Stephen II Henry (Comte de Blois)
 |  |  +- William de Blois (Comte de Chartres)
 |  |  |  +- Margaret de Blois
 |  |  +- Humbert de Blois (Comte de Virtus)
 |  |  +- Ode de Blois
 |  |  +- Adela de Blois
 |  |  +- Philip de Chalon
 |  |  +- Agnes de Blois
 |  |  +- Eleanor de Blois
 |  |  +- Alice de Blois
 |  |  +- Thibaud IV (Comte de Blois)
 |  |  |  +- Stephen de Sancerre (Count of Sancerre)
 |  |  |  +- William de Rheims (Cardinal Archibishop of Rheims)
 |  |  |  +- Thibaud V de Blois (Comte de Blois)
 |  |  |  |  +- Margaret de Blois = Otto Hohenstaufen (Palgrave de Bourgogne)
 |  |  |  |  |  +- Beatrice Hohenstaufen = Otto of Meran (Duke of Meran)
 |  |  |  |  |     +- Margaret of Meran
 |  |  |  |  |     +- Agnes of Meran
 |  |  |  |  +- Isabel de Blois
 |  |  |  |  +- Marie de Blois
 |  |  |  +- Henri I the Liberal (Comte de Champagne et Brie)
 |  |  |  |  +- Henri I of Jerusalem
 |  |  |  |  |  +- Philippne de Champagne = Erard de Brienne (Sire de Ramerupt et Venisy)
 |  |  |  |  |     +- Henri, Sire de Ramerupt
 |  |  |  |  |     |  +- Erard, Sire de Ramerupt
 |  |  |  |  |     +- Erard, Sire de Ramerupt
 |  |  |  |  |     +- Marie de Brienne
 |  |  |  |  |     +- Sybil de Brienne
 |  |  |  |  |     +- Isabel (Dame de Ramerupt)
 |  |  |  |  |     +- Margaret de Brienne
 |  |  |  |  +- Thibaut III (Comte de Champagne)
 |  |  |  |     +- Thibaut I, Rey de Navarre
 |  |  |  |        +- Margaret de Navarre
 |  |  |  |        +- Blanche de Navarre
 |  |  |  |        +- Sancha de Navarre
 |  |  |  |        +- Thibaut II, Rey de Navarre
 |  |  |  |        +- Enqirue I, Rey de Navarre
 |  |  |  +- Adele de Champagne = Louis VII of France
 |  |  |     +- Philippe II of France
 |  |  |     +- Agnes de France
 |  |  +- Stephen de Blois
 |  |  |  +- Baldwin de Boulogne
 |  |  |  +- Eustace IV (Comte de Boulogne)
 |  |  |  +- William of Boulogne de Blois (4th Earl of Surrey)
 |  |  |  +- Matilda de Blois
 |  |  |  +- Marie de Boulogne (Comtesse de Boulogne)
 |  |  +- Maud de Blois
 |  |  +- Henry of Winchester
 |  +- Agatha de Normandie
 |  +- Henry I Beauclerc
 |     +- William de Tracy
 |     +- Juliana de Fontevrault
 |     +- Richard of Lincoln
 |     +- Robert de Mellent de Caen (1st Earl of Gloucester)
 |     |  +- Richard (Lord of Creully)
 |     |  +- William FitzRobert (2nd Earl of Gloucester)
 |     |     +- Robert
 |     |     +- Isabella de Clare (Countess of Gloucester) = King John of England
 |     +- Sybilla
 |     +- William Constable
 |     +- Rainald de Dunstanville (Earl of Cornwall)
 |     +- Robert FitzEdith (Baron of Okenhampton)
 |     +- Euphemia of England
 |     +- Matilda of England = (1) Kaiser Heinrich V (2) Geoffrey V Plantagenet, Comte d'Anjou et Maine
 |     |  +- (2) Emma
 |     |  +- (2) Henry II Curtmantle => House of Plantagenet
 |     |  +- (2) Geoffrey VI d'Anjou (Comte d'Anjou et Nantes)
 |     |  +- (2) William de Poitou (Comte de Poitou)
 |     +- William the Aethling (10th Duc de Normandie)
 |     +- Henry FitzHenry
 |     +- Matilda of Montvilliers
 |     +- Sybilla of Falaise
 +- Adeliza (Countess of Aumale)

House of Plantagenet

 Geoffrey V Plantagenet (Comte d'Anjou et Maine) = Empress Matilda
 +- Henry II Curtmantle
    +- William de Poitiers (Comte de Poitiers)
    +- Henry (Duc de Normandie)
    +- Richard I Coeur de Lion
    +- Geoffrey II (Earl of Richmond)
    +- John Lackland
    |  +- Henry III
    |  |  +- Edward I Longshanks
    |  |  |  +- Alfonso (1st Earl of Chester)
    |  |  |  +- Edward II
    |  |  |  |  +- Edward III
    |  |  |  |  |  +- Edward of Woodstock (Prince of Wales)
    |  |  |  |  |  |  +- Edward of Angoulême
    |  |  |  |  |  |  +- Richard II
    |  |  |  |  |  +- Lionel of Antwerp (1st Duke of Clarence)
    |  |  |  |  |  |  +- Philippa (Countess of Ulster) = Edmund de Mortimer (3rd Earl of March)
    |  |  |  |  |  |     +- Roger de Mortimer (4th Earl of March)
    |  |  |  |  |  +- John of Gaunt (1st Duke of Lancaster)
    |  |  |  |  |  |  +- Henry IV
    |  |  |  |  |  |  |  +- Henry V
    |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  +- Henry VI
    |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |     +- Edward (Prince of Wales)
    |  |  |  |  |  |  |  +- Thomas (1st Duke of Clarence)
    |  |  |  |  |  |  |  +- John (Duke of Bedford)
    |  |  |  |  |  |  |  +- Humphrey (Duke of Gloucester)
    |  |  |  |  |  |  +- John de Beaufort (1st Earl of Beaufort)
    |  |  |  |  |  |  |  +- Henry Beaufort (2nd Earl of Beaufort)
    |  |  |  |  |  |  |  +- John Beaufort (1st Duke of Somerset)
    |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  +- Margaret Beaufort = Edmund Tudor (1st Earl of Richmond)
    |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |     +- Henri VII => House of Tudor
    |  |  |  |  |  |  |  +- Thomas Beaufort (Earl of Perche)
    |  |  |  |  |  |  |  +- Edmund Beaufort (1st Duke of Somerset)
    |  |  |  |  |  |  +- Thomas de Barufort (1st Duke of Exeter)
    |  |  |  |  |  +- Edmund of Langley (1st Duke of York)
    |  |  |  |  |  |  +- Edward of York (2nd Duke of York)
    |  |  |  |  |  |  +- Richard of York (1st Earl of Cambridge)
    |  |  |  |  |  |     +- Richard (3rd Duke of York)
    |  |  |  |  |  |        +- Edward IV
    |  |  |  |  |  |        |  +- Elizabeth = Henry VII
    |  |  |  |  |  |        |  +- Edward V
    |  |  |  |  |  |        |  +- Richard (1st Duke of York)
    |  |  |  |  |  |        |  +- George (Duke of Bedford)
    |  |  |  |  |  |        +- George (1st Duke of Clarence)
    |  |  |  |  |  |        +- Richard III (Duke of Gloucester)
    |  |  |  |  |  |           +- Edward of Middleham (Prince of Wales)
    |  |  |  |  |  +- Thomas of Woodstock (1st Duke of Gloucester)
    |  |  |  |  +- John of Eltham (Earl of Cornwall)
    |  |  |  +- Thomas of Brotherton (Earl of Norfolk)
    |  |  |  +- Edmund of Woodstock (1st Earl of Kent)
    |  |  |     +- Joan of Kent = Thomas Holland (2nd Earl of Kent)
    |  |  |        +- Margaret Holland = John Beaufort (1st Earl of Somerset)
    |  |  |           +- Margaret Beaufort = Edmund Tudor (1st Earl of Richmond)
    |  |  |              +- Henri VII => House of Tudor
    |  |  +- Edmund Crouchback (Earl of Leicester)
    |  +- Richard (1st Earl of Cornwall)
    +- William Longespée (1st Earl of Salisbury)

House of Tudor

 Edmund Tudor (1st Earl of Richmond) = Margaret Beaufort
 +- Henry VII (Earl of Richmond) = Elizabeth Plantagenet
    +- Edward
    +- Arthur (Prince of Wales) = Catherine of Aragon
    +- Margaret = (1) James IV of Scotland (2) Archibald Douglas (6th Earl of Angus) (3) Henry Stewart (1st Lord Methven)
    |  +- (1) James Stewart (Duke of Rothesay)
    |  +- (1) Arthur Steward (Duke of Rothesay)
    |  +- (1) James V of Scotland = (1) Madeleine de Valois (2) Marie de Guise [1] Elizabeth Stuart [2] Christine Barclay [3] ? [4] Elizabeth Bethune [5] Elizabeth Shaw [6] Margaret Erskine [7] Elizabeth Carmichael [8] Euphemia Elphinstone
    |  |  +- [1] Adam Stewart
    |  |  +- [2] James Stewart
    |  |  +- [3] Robert Stewart
    |  |  +- [3] Margaret Stewart
    |  |  +- [4] Jean Stewart
    |  |  +- [5] James Stewart
    |  |  +- [6] James Stewart (1st Earl of Moray)
    |  |  +- [7] John Stewart (1st Lord Darnley)
    |  |  +- [8] Robert Stewart (1st Earl of Orkney)
    |  |  +- (2) James Stewart (Duke of Rothesay)
    |  |  +- (2) Arthur Stewart (Duke of Albany)
    |  |  +- (2) Mary I of Scotland = (1) François II of France (2) Henry Stuart (Lord Darnley) (3) James Hepburn (1st Duke of Orkney)
    |  |     +- (2) James VI of Scotland => House of Stuart
    |  +- (1) Alexander Stewart (Duke of Ross)
    |  +- (2) Margaret Douglas = Matthew Stuart (4th Earl of Lennox)
    |  |  +- Henry Stuart
    |  |  +- Henry Stuart (Lord Darnley) = Mary Stewart of Scotland
    |  |  |  +- James VI of Scotland => House of Stuart
    |  |  +- Charles Stuart (5th Earl of Lennox) = Elizabeth Cavendish
    |  |     +- Arabella Stuart = William Seymour (2nd Duke of Somerset)
    |  +- (3) Dorothea Stewart
    +- Henry VIII = (1) Catharine of Aragon (2) Anne Boleyn (3) Jane Seymour (4) Anne von Kleve (5) Catherine Howard (6) Catherine Parr [1] Elizabeth Blount
    |  +- (1) Henry (Duke of Cornwall)
    |  +- (1) Henry (Duke of Cornwall)
    |  +- (1) Henry (Duke of Cornwall)
    |  +- (1) Mary I = Felipe II of Spain
    |  +- [1] Henry Fitzroy (Duke of Richmond)
    |  +- (2) Elizabeth I
    |  +- (2) Henry (Duke of Cornwall)
    |  +- (3) Edward VI
    +- Elizabeth
    +- Mary = (1) Louis XII of France (2) Charles Brandon (1st Duke of Suffolk)
    |  +- (2) Henry Brandon (1st Earl of Lincoln)
    |  +- (2) Frances Brandon = (1) Henry Grey (1st Duke of Suffolk) (2) Adrian Stokes
    |  |  +- (1) Jane Grey = Gilford Dudley
    |  |  +- (1) Catherine Grey = (1) Henry Herbert (2nd Earl of Pembroke) (2) Edward Seymour (1st Earl of Hereford)
    |  |  |  +- (2) Edward Seymour (Lord Beauchamp) = Honora Rogers
    |  |  |  |  +- Honora Seymour = Ferdinando Dudley
    |  |  |  |  |  +- Frances Dudley (Baroness Dudley) = Humble Ward (1st Baron Ward of Birmingham)
    |  |  |  |  +- Edward Seymour
    |  |  |  |  +- William Seymour (2nd Duke of Somerset)
    |  |  |  |  +- Francis Seymour (1st Baron Seymour of Trowbridge)
    |  |  |  +- (2) Thomas Seymour
    |  |  +- (1) Mary Grey
    |  |  +- (2) Elizabeth Stokes
    |  +- (2) Eleanor Brandon = Henry Clifford (2nd Earl of Cumberland)
    |     +- Margaret Clifford = Henry Stanley (4th Earl of Derby)
    +- Edmund (Duke of Somerset)
    +- Katherine

House of Stuart

 Mary I of Scotland = (1) Francis II of France (2) Henry Stuart (Lord Darnley) (3) James Hepburn (4th Earl of Bothwell)
 +- (2) James I = Anne of Denmark
    +- Henry (Prince of Wales)
    +- Elizabeth = Friedrich V of Palatinate
    |  +- Friedrich Heinrich
    |  +- Karl I Ludwig of Palatinate = (1) Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel (2) Marie von Degenfeld (3) Elisabeth von Bernau
    |  |  +- (1) Karl II of Palatinate
    |  |  +- (1) Elisabeth = Philip, Duke of Orleans
    |  |  +- (1) Friedrich
    |  |  +- (2) Karl Ludwig
    |  |  +- (2) Karoline = Meinhardt Schomberg (3rd Duke of Schomberg)
    |  |  |  +- Charles Schomberg (Marquess of Harwich)
    |  |  |  +- Caroline Schomberg
    |  |  |  +- Frederica Schomberg
    |  |  |  +- Mary Schomberg
    |  |  +- (2) Louise
    |  |  +- (2) Ludwig
    |  |  +- (2) Amalie
    |  |  +- (2) Georg Ludwig
    |  |  +- (2) Friederike
    |  |  +- (2) Friedrich Wilhelm
    |  |  +- (2) Karl Eduard
    |  |  +- (2) Sophie
    |  |  +- (2) Karl Moritz
    |  |  +- (2) Karl August
    |  |  +- (2) Karl Kasimir
    |  |  +- (3) Karl Ludwig
    |  +- Elisabeth
    |  +- Ruprecht (Duke of Cumberland)
    |  |  +- Dudley Bard
    |  |  +- Ruperta Lane
    |  +- Moritz
    |  +- Louise Marie
    |  +- Ludwig
    |  +- Edward of Palatinate-Simmern
    |  |  +- Louisa = Karl Theodor, Prince of Salm
    |  |  |  +- Ludwig Otto, Prince of Salm
    |  |  |     +- Dorothea
    |  |  +- Anne = Henri de Bourbon, Duke of Enghien
    |  |  +- Benedicta = Johann Friedrich of Brunswick-Luneburg
    |  |     +- Charlotte = Ronaldo d'Este, Duke of Modena
    |  |     +- Wilhelmina = Joseph I of Habsburg
    |  +- Henrietta Maria
    |  +- Johann Philip Friedrich
    |  +- Charlotte
    |  +- Sophia = Ernst Augustus of Hanover
    |  |  +- George I => House of Hanover
    |  |  +- Friedrich
    |  |  +- Maximilian
    |  |  +- Sophia Charlotte = Friedrich I of Prussia
    |  |  +- Karl Philipp
    |  |  +- Christian
    |  |  +- Ernst August II (Duke of York and Albany)
    |  +- Gustav Adolf
    +- Margaret
    +- Charles I = Henrietta Maria of France
    |  +- Charles II = Catharine of Braganza [1]-[14] see his own articles for mistresses
    |  |  +- [2] James Scott (Duke of Monmouth)
    |  |  +- [3] Charlotte Fitzroy = William Paston (2nd Earl of Yarmouth)
    |  |  +- [4] Charles FitzCharles (Earl of Plymouth)
    |  |  +- [4] Catharine FitzCharles
    |  |  +- [5] Anne Fitzroy = Thomas Lennard (1st Earl of Sussex)
    |  |  +- [5] Charles Fitzroy (1st Duke of Southampton and 2nd Duke of Cleveland)
    |  |  +- [5] Henry Fitzroy (1st Duke of Grafton)
    |  |  +- [5] Charlotte Fitzroy = Edward Lee (1st Earl of Lichfield)
    |  |  +- [5] George Fitzroy (1st Duke of Northumberland)
    |  |  +- [6] Charles Beauclerk (1st Duke of St Albans)
    |  |  +- [6] James Beauclerk (Lord Beauclerk)
    |  |  +- [7] Charles Lennox (1st Duke of Richmond and Lennox)
    |  |  +- [8] Mary Tudor = (1) Edward Radclyffe (2nd Earl of Derwentwater) (2) Henry Graham (3) James Rooke
    |  +- Mary, Princess Royal = William II, Prince of Orange
    |  |  +- William III = Mary II
    |  +- James II = (1) Anne Hyde (2) Mary of Modena [1] Arabella Churchill [2] Catharine Sedley
    |  |  +- (1) Mary II = William III
    |  |  +- (1) James (Duke of Cambridge)
    |  |  +- (1) Anne = Prince George of Denmark
    |  |  +- (1) Charles (Duke of Kendal)
    |  |  +- (1) Edgar (Duke of Cambridge)
    |  |  +- (1) Henrietta
    |  |  +- (1) Catharine
    |  |  +- (2) Catharine Laura
    |  |  +- (2) Isabel
    |  |  +- (2) Charles (Duke of Cambridge)
    |  |  +- (2) Elizabeth
    |  |  +- (2) Charlotte Maria
    |  |  +- (2) James (Prince of Wales, "The Old Pretender")
    |  |  |  +- Charles ("The Young Pretender")
    |  |  |  +- Henry
    |  |  +- (2) Louisa
    |  |  +- [1] Henrietta FitzJames
    |  |  +- [1] James FitzJames (1st Duke of Berwick)
    |  |  +- [1] Henry FitzJames (1st Duke of Albemarle)
    |  |  +- [1] Arabella FitzJames
    |  |  +- [2] Catharine Darnley
    |  |  +- [2] James Darnley
    |  +- Elizabeth
    |  +- Anne
    |  +- Henry (Duke of Gloucester)
    |  +- Henrietta = Philip I, Duke of Orleans
    +- Robert (Duke of Kintyre)
    +- Mary
    +- Sophia

reference