National Diet (Japan)

From Wiki31en
Jump to: navigation, search

National Diet 国会 Kokkai is the bicameral legislative administration in Japan. Called Imperial Diet 帝国議会 Teikoku Gikai under the Constitution in 1889.

Houses

under 1889 Constitution

list of terms

Imperial Diet

no cabinet type start of term end of term note
1 Yamagata 1 ordinary 29 Nov 1890 7 Mar 1891
2 Matsukata 1 ordinary 26 Nov 1891 25 Dec 1891 dissolved
3 Matsukata 1 extra 6 May 1892 14 Jun 1892
4 Ito 2 ordinary 29 Nov 1892 28 Feb 1893
5 Ito 2 ordinary 28 Nov 1893 30 Dec 1893 dissolved
6 Ito 2 extra 15 May 1894 2 Jun 1894 dissolved
7 Ito 2 extra 18 Oct 1894 21 Oct 1894 held at Hiroshima city
8 Ito 2 ordinary 24 Dec 1894 23 Mar 1895
9 Ito 2 ordinary 28 Dec 1895 28 Mar 1896
10 Matsukata 2 ordinary 25 Dec 1896 24 Mar 1897
11 Matsukata 2 ordinary 24 Dec 1897 25 Dec 1897 dissolved
12 Ito 3 extra 19 May 1898 10 Jun 1898 dissolved
13 Yamagata 2 ordinary 3 Dec 1898 9 Mar 1899
14 Yamagata 2 ordinary 22 Nov 1899 23 Feb 1900
15 Ito 4 ordinary 25 Dec 1900 24 Mar 1901
16 Katsura 1 ordinary 10 Dec 1901 9 Mar 1902 7 Dec 1902 representative's term expired
17 Katsura 1 ordinary 9 Dec 1902 28 Dec 1902 dissolved
18 Katsura 1 extra 12 May 1903 4 Jun 1903
19 Katsura 1 ordinary 10 Dec 1903 11 Dec 1903 dissolved
20 Katsura 1 extra 20 Mar 1904 29 Mar 1904
21 Katsura 1 ordinary 30 Nov 1904 27 Feb 1905
22 Katsura 1, Saionji 1 ordinary 28 Dec 1905 27 Mar 1906
23 Saionji 1 ordinary 28 Dec 1906 27 Mar 1907
24 Saionji 1 ordinary 28 Dec 1907 26 Mar 1908 23 Dec 1908 representative's term expired
25 Katsura 2 ordinary 25 Dec 1908 24 Mar 1909
26 Katsura 2 ordinary 24 Dec 1909 23 Mar 1910
27 Katsura 2 ordinary 23 Dec 1910 22 Mar 1911
28 Saionji 2 ordinary 27 Dec 1911 25 Mar 1912 21 Aug 1912 representative's term expired
29 Saionji 2 extra 23 Aug 1912 25 Aug 1912
30 Katsura 3, Yamamoto 1 ordinary 27 Dec 1912 26 Mar 1913
31 Yamamoto 1 ordinary 26 Dec 1913 25 Mar 1914
32 Okuma 2 extra 5 May 1914 7 May 1914
33 Okuma 2 extra 22 Jun 1914 28 Jun 1914
34 Okuma 2 extra 4 Sept 1914 9 Sept 1914
35 Okuma 2 ordinary 7 Dec 1914 25 Dec 1914 dissolved
36 Okuma 2 extra 20 May 1915 9 Jun 1914
37 Okuma 2 ordinary 1 Dec 1915 28 Feb 1916
38 Terauchi ordinary 27 Dec 1916 25 Jan 1917 dissolved
39 Terauchi extra 23 Jun 1917 14 Jul 1917
40 Terauchi ordinary 27 Dec 1917 26 Mar 1918
41 Hara ordinary 27 Dec 1918 26 Mar 1919
42 Hara ordinary 26 Dec 1919 26 Feb 1920 dissolved
43 Hara extra 1 Jul 1920 28 Jul 1920
44 Hara ordinary 27 Dec 1920 26 Mar 1921
45 Takahashi ordinary 26 Dec 1921 25 Mar 1922
46 Kato (To) ordinary 27 Dec 1922 26 Mar 1923
47 Yamamoto 2 extra 11 Dec 1923 23 Dec 1923
48 Yamamoto 2, Kiyoura ordinary 27 Dec 1923 31 Jan 1924 dissolved
49 Kato (Ta) extra 28 Jun 1924 18 Jul 1924
50 Kato (Ta) ordinary 26 Dec 1924 30 Mar 1925
51 Kato (Ta), Wakatsuki 1 ordinary 26 Dec 1925 25 Mar 1926
52 Wakatsuki 1 ordinary 26 Dec 1926 25 Mar 1927
53 Tanaka (G) extra 4 May 1927 8 May 1927
54 Tanaka (G) ordinary 26 Dec 1927 21 Jan 1928 dissolved
55 Tanaka (G) extra 23 Apr 1928 6 May 1928
56 Tanaka (G) ordinary 26 Dec 1928 25 Mar 1929
57 Hamaguchi ordinary 26 Dec 1929 21 Jan 1930 dissolved
58 Hamaguchi extra 23 Apr 1930 13 May 1930
59 Hamaguchi ordinary 26 Dec 1930 27 Mar 1931
60 Inukai ordinary 26 Dec 1931 21 Jan 1932 dissolved
61 Inukai extra 20 Mar 1932 24 Mar 1932
62 Saito extra 1 Jun 1932 14 Jun 1932
63 Saito extra 23 Aug 1932 4 Sept 1932
64 Saito ordinary 26 Dec 1932 25 Mar 1933
65 Saito ordinary 26 Dec 1933 25 Mar 1934
66 Okada extra 28 Nov 1934 9 Dec 1934
67 Okada ordinary 26 Dec 1934 25 Mar 1935
68 Okada ordinary 26 Dec 1935 21 Jan 1936 dissolved
69 Hirota extra 4 May 1936 26 May 1936
70 Hirota, Hayashi ordinary 26 Dec 1936 31 Mar 1937 dissolved
71 Konoe 1 extra 25 Jul 1937 7 Aug 1937
72 Konoe 1 extra 4 Sept 1937 8 Sept 1937
73 Konoe 1 ordinary 26 Dec 1937 26 Mar 1938
74 Konoe 1, Hiranuma ordinary 26 Dec 1938 25 Mar 1939
75 Abe (N), Yonai ordinary 26 Dec 1939 26 Mar 1940
76 Konoe 2 ordinary 26 Dec 1940 25 Mar 1941
77 Tojo extra 16 Nov 1941 20 Nov 1941
78 Tojo extra 16 Dec 1941 17 Dec 1941
79 Tojo ordinary 26 Dec 1941 25 Mar 1942 25 May 1942 representative's term expire (1 year extension)
80 Tojo extra 27 May 1942 28 May 1942
81 Tojo ordinary 26 Dec 1942 25 Mar 1943
82 Tojo extra 16 Jun 1943 18 Jun 1943
83 Tojo extra 26 Oct 1943 28 Oct 1943
84 Tojo ordinary 26 Dec 1943 24 Mar 1944
85 Koiso extra 7 Sept 1944 11 Sept 1944
86 Koiso ordinary 26 Dec 1944 25 Mar 1945
87 Suzuki (K) extra 9 Jun 1945 12 Jun 1945
88 Higashikuni extra 4 Sept 1945 5 Sept 1945
89 Shidehara ordinary 27 Nov 1945 18 Dec 1945 dissolved
90 Yoshida 1 extra 20 Jun 1946 11 Oct 1946
91 Yoshida 1 extra 26 Nov 1946 25 Dec 1946
92 Yoshida 1 ordinary 28 Dec 1948 31 Mar 1947 dissolved

National Diet

no cabinet type start of term end of term note
1 Yoshida 1, Katayama special 20 May 1947 9 Dec 1947
2 Katayama, Ashida ordinary 10 Dec 1947 5 Jul 1948
3 Ashida, Yoshida 2 extra 11 Oct 1948 30 Nov 1948
4 Yoshida 2 ordinary 1 Dec 1948 23 Dec 1948 dissolved
5 Yoshida 2, Yoshida 3 special 11 Feb 1949 31 May 1949
6 Yoshida 3 extra 25 Oct 1949 3 Dec 1949
7 Yoshida 3 ordinary 4 Dec 1949 2 May 1950
8 Yoshida 3 extra 12 Jul 1950 31 Jul 1950
9 Yoshida 3 extra 21 Nov 1950 9 Dec 1950
10 Yoshida 3 ordinary 10 Dec 1950 5 Jun 1951
11 Yoshida 3 extra 16 Aug 1951 18 Aug 1951
12 Yoshida 3 extra 10 Oct 1951 30 Nov 1951
13 Yoshida 3 ordinary 10 Dec 1951 31 Jul 1952
14 Yoshida 3 extra 26 Aug 1952 28 Aug 1952 dissolved
15 Yoshida 3, Yoshida 4 special 24 Oct 1952 14 Mar 1953 dissolved
16 Yoshida 4, Yoshida 5 special 18 May 1953 10 Aug 1953
17 Yoshida 5 extra 29 Oct 1953 7 Nov 1953
18 Yoshida 5 extra 30 Nov 1953 8 Dec 1953
19 Yoshida 5 ordinary 10 Dec 1953 15 Jun 1954
20 Yoshida 5 extra 30 Nov 1954 9 Dec 1954
21 Yoshida 5, Hatoyama (I) 1 ordinary 10 Dec 1954 24 Jan 1955 dissolved
22 Hatoyama (I) 1, Hatoyama (I) 2 special 18 Mar 1955 30 Jul 1955
23 Hatoyama (I) 2, Hatoyama (I) 3 extra 22 Nov 1955 16 Dec 1955
24 Hatoyama (I) 3 ordinary 20 Dec 1955 3 Jun 1956
25 Hatoyama (I) 3 extra 12 Nov 1956 13 Dec 1956
26 Hatoyama (I) 3, Ishibashi, Kishi 1 ordinary 20 Dec 1956 19 May 1957
27 Kishi 1 extra 1 Nov 1957 14 Nov 1957
28 Kishi 1 ordinary 20 Dec 1957 25 Apr 1958 dissolved
29 Kishi 1, Kishi 2 special 10 Jun 1958 8 Jul 1958
30 Kishi 2 extra 29 Sept 1958 7 Dec 1958
31 Kishi 2 ordinary 10 Dec 1958 2 May 1959
32 Kishi 2 extra 22 Jun 1959 3 Jul 1959
33 Kishi 2 extra 26 Oct 1959 27 Dec 1959
34 Kishi 2 ordinary 29 Dec 1959 15 Jul 1960
35 Kishi 2, Ikeda 1 extra 18 Jul 1960 22 Jul 1960
36 Ikeda 1 extra 17 Oct 1960 24 Oct 1960 dissolved
37 Ikeda 1, Ikeda 2 special 5 Dec 1960 22 Dec 1960
38 Ikeda 2 ordinary 26 Dec 1960 8 Jun 1961
39 Ikeda 2 extra 25 Sept 1961 31 Oct 1961
40 Ikeda 2 ordinary 9 Dec 1961 7 May 1962
41 Ikeda 2 extra 4 Aug 1962 2 Sept 1962
42 Ikeda 2 extra 8 Dec 1962 23 Dec 1962
43 Ikeda 2 ordinary 24 Dec 1962 6 Jul 1963
44 Ikeda 2 extra 15 Oct 1963 23 Oct 1963 dissolved
45 Ikeda 2, Ikeda 3 special 4 Dec 1963 18 Dec 1963
46 Ikeda 3 ordinary 20 Dec 1963 26 Jun 1964
47 Ikeda 3, Sato 1 extra 9 Nov 1964 18 Dec 1964
48 Sato 1 ordinary 21 Dec 1964 1 Jun 1965
49 Sato 1 extra 22 Jul 1965 11 Aug 1965
50 Sato 1 extra 5 Oct 1965 13 Dec 1965
51 Sato 1 ordinary 20 Dec 1965 27 Jun 1966
52 Sato 1 extra 11 Jul 1966 30 Jul 1966
53 Sato 1 extra 30 Nov 1966 20 Dec 1966
54 Sato 1 ordinary 27 Dec 1966 27 Dec 1966 dissolved
55 Sato 1, Sato 2 special 15 Feb 1967 21 Jul 1967
56 Sato 2 extra 27 Jul 1967 18 Aug 1967
57 Sato 2 extra 4 Dec 1967 23 Dec 1967
58 Sato 2 ordinary 27 Dec 1967 3 Jun 1968
59 Sato 2 extra 1 Aug 1968 10 Aug 1968
60 Sato 2 extra 10 Dec 1968 21 Dec 1968
61 Sato 2 ordinary 27 Dec 1968 5 Aug 1969
62 Sato 2 extra 29 Nov 1969 2 Dec 1969 dissolved
63 Sato 2, Sato 3 special 14 Jan 1970 13 May 1970
64 Sato 3 extra 24 Nov 1970 18 Dec 1970
65 Sato 3 ordinary 26 Dec 1970 24 May 1977
66 Sato 3 extra 14 Jul 1971 24 Jul 1971
67 Sato 3 extra 16 Oct 1971 27 Dec 1971
68 Sato 3 ordinary 29 Dec 1971 16 Jun 1972
69 Sato 3, Tanaka (K) 1 extra 6 Jul 1972 12 Jul 1972
70 Tanaka (K) 1 extra 27 Oct 1972 13 Nov 1972 dissolved
71 Tanaka (K) 1, Tanaka (K) 2 special 22 Dec 1972 27 Sept 1973
72 Tanaka (K) 2 ordinary 1 Dec 1973 3 Jun 1974
73 Tanaka (K) 2 extra 24 Jul 1974 31 Jul 1974
74 Tanaka (K) 2, Miki extra 9 Dec 1974 25 Dec 1974
75 Miki ordinary 27 Dec 1974 4 Jul 1975
76 Miki extra 11 Sept 1975 25 Dec 1975
77 Miki ordinary 27 Dec 1975 24 May 1976
78 Miki extra 16 Sept 1976 4 Nov 1976 9 Dec 1976 representative's term expired
79 Miki, Fukuda (T) extra 24 Dec 1976 28 Dec 1976
80 Fukuda (T) ordinary 30 Dec 1976 9 Jun 1977
81 Fukuda (T) extra 27 Jul 1977 3 Aug 1977
82 Fukuda (T) extra 29 Sept 1977 25 Nov 1977
83 Fukuda (T) extra 7 Dec 1977 10 Dec 1977
84 Fukuda (T) ordinary 19 Dec 1977 16 Jun 1978
85 Fukuda (T) extra 18 Sept 1978 21 Oct 1978
86 Fukuda (T), Ohira 1 extra 6 Dec 1978 12 Dec 1978
87 Ohira 1 ordinary 22 Dec 1978 14 Jun 1979
88 Ohira 1 extra 30 Aug 1979 7 Sept 1979 dissolved
89 Ohira 1, Ohira 2 special 30 Oct 1979 16 Nov 1979
90 Ohira 2 extra 26 Npv 1979 11 Dec 1979
91 Ohira 2 ordinary 21 Dec 1979 19 May 1980 dissolved
92 Ohira 2, Suzuki (Z) special 17 Jul 1980 26 Jul 1980
93 Suzuki (Z) extra 29 Sept 1980 29 Nov 1980
94 Suzuki (Z) ordinary 22 Dec 1980 6 Jun 1981
95 Suzuki (Z) extra 24 Sept 1981 28 Nov 1981
96 Suzuki (Z) ordinary 21 Dec 1981 21 Aug 1982
97 Suzuki (Z), Nakasone 1 extra 26 Nov 1982 25 Dec 1982
98 Nakasone 1 ordinary 28 Dec 1982 26 May 1983
99 Nakasone 1 extra 18 Jul 1983 23 Jul 1983
100 Nakasone 1 extra 8 Sept 1983 28 Nov 1983 dissolved
101 Nakasone 1, Nakasone 2 special 26 Dec 1983 8 Aug 1984
102 Nakasone 2 ordinary 1 Dec 1984 25 Jun 1985
103 Nakasone 2 extra 14 Oct 1985 21 Dec 1985
104 Nakasone 2 ordinary 24 Dec 1985 22 May 1986
105 Nakasone 2 extra 2 Jun 1986 2 Jun 1986 dissolved
106 Nakasone 2, Nakasone 3 special 22 Jul 1986 25 Jul 1986
107 Nakasone 3 extra 11 Sept 1986 20 Dec 1986
108 Nakasone 3 ordinary 29 Dec 1986 27 May 1987
109 Nakasone 3 extra 6 Jul 1987 19 Sept 1987
110 Nakasone 3, Takeshita extra 6 Nov 1987 11 Nov 1987
111 Takeshita extra 27 Nov 1987 12 Dec 1987
112 Takeshita ordinary 28 Dec 1987 25 May 1983
113 Takeshita extra 19 Jul 1988 28 Dec 1988
114 Takeshita, Uno ordinary 30 Dec 1988 22 Jun 1989
115 Uno, Kaifu 1 extra 7 Aug 1989 12 Aug 1989
116 Kaifu 1 extra 28 Sept 1989 16 Dec 1989
117 Kaifu 1 ordinary 25 Dec 1989 24 Jan 1990 dissolved
118 Kaifu 1, Kaifu 2 special 27 Feb 1990 26 Jun 1990
119 Kaifu 2 extra 12 Oct 1990 10 Nov 1990
120 Kaifu 2 ordinary 10 Dec 1990 8 May 1991
121 Kaifu 2 extra 5 Aug 1991 4 Oct 1991
122 Kaifu 2, Miyazawa extra 5 Nov 1991 21 Dec 1991
123 Miyazawa ordinary 24 Jan 1992 21 Jun 1992
124 Miyazawa extra 7 Aug 1992 11 Aug 1992
125 Miyazawa extra 30 Oct 1992 10 Dec 1992
126 Miyazawa ordinary 22 Jan 1993 18 Jun 1993 dissolved
127 Miyazawa, Hosokawa special 5 Aug 1993 28 Aug 1993
128 Hosokawa extra 17 Sept 1993 29 Jan 1994
129 Hosokawa, Hata, Murayama ordinary 31 Jan 1994 29 Jun 1994
130 Murayama extra 18 Jul 1994 22 Jul 1994
131 Murayama extra 30 Sept 1994 9 Dec 1994
132 Murayama ordinary 20 Jan 1995 18 Jun 1995
133 Murayama extra 4 Aug 1995 8 Aug 1995
134 Murayama extra 29 Sept 1995 15 Dec 1995
135 Murayama, Hashimoto 1 extra 11 Jan 1996 13 Jan 1996
136 Hashimoto 1 ordinary 22 Jan 1996 19 Jun 1996
137 Hashimoto 1 extra 27 Sept 1996 27 Sept 1996 dissolved
138 Hashimoto 1, Hashimoto 2 special 7 Nov 1996 12 Nov 1996
139 Hashimoto 2 extra 29 Nov 1996 18 Dec 1996
140 Hashimoto 2 ordinary 20 Jan 1997 18 Jun 1997
141 Hashimoto 2 extra 29 Sept 1997 12 Dec 1997
142 Hashimoto 2 ordinary 12 Jan 1998 18 Jun 1998
143 Hashimoto 2, Obuchi extra 30 Jul 1998 16 Oct 1998
144 Obuchi extra 27 Nov 1998 14 Dec 1998
145 Obuchi ordinary 19 Jan 1999 13 Aug 1999
146 Obuchi extra 29 Oct 1999 15 Dec 1999
147 Obuchi, Mori 1 ordinary 20 Jan 2000 2 Jun 2000 dissolved
148 Mori 1, Mori 2 special 4 Jul 2000 6 Jul 2000
149 Mori 2 extra 28 Jul 2000 9 Aug 2000
150 Mori 2 extra 21 Sept 2000 1 Dec 2000
151 Mori 2, Koizumi 1 ordinary 31 Jan 2001 29 Jun 2001
152 Koizumi 1 extra 7 Aug 2001 10 Aug 2001
153 Koizumi 1 extra 27 Sept 2001 7 Dec 2001
154 Koizumi 1 ordinary 21 Jan 2002 31 Jul 2002
155 Koizumi 1 extra 18 Oct 2002 13 Dec 2002
156 Koizumi 1 ordinary 20 Jan 2003 28 Jul 2003
157 Koizumi 1 extra 26 Sept 2003 10 Oct 2003 dissolved
158 Koizumi 1, Koizumi 2 special 19 Nov 2003 27 Nov 2003
159 Koizumi 2 ordinary 19 Jan 2004 16 Jun 2004
160 Koizumi 2 extra 30 Jul 2004 6 Aug 2004
161 Koizumi 2 extra 12 Oct 2004 3 Dec 2004
162 Koizumi 2 ordinary 21 Jan 2005 8 Aug 2005 dissolved
163 Koizumi 2, Koizumi 3 special 21 Sept 2005 1 Nov 2005
164 Koizumi 3 ordinary 20 Jan 2006 18 Jun 2006
165 Koizumi 3, Abe (S) 1 extra 26 Sept 2006 19 Dec 2006
166 Abe (S) 1 ordinary 25 Jan 2007 5 Jul 2007
167 Abe (S) 1 extra 7 Aug 2007 10 Aug 2007
168 Abe (S) 1, Fukuda (Y) extra 10 Sept 2007 15 Jan 2008
169 Fukuda (Y) ordinary 18 Jan 2008 21 Jun 2008
170 Fukuda (Y), Aso extra 24 Sept 2008 25 Dec 2008
171 Aso ordinary 5 Jan 2009 21 Jul 2009 dissolved
172 Aso, Hatoyama (Y) special 16 Sept 2009 19 Sept 2009
173 Hatoyama (Y) extra 26 Oct 2009 4 Dec 2009
174 Hatoyama (Y), Kan ordinary 18 Jan 2010 16 Jun 2010
175 Kan extra 30 Jul 2010 6 Aug 2010
176 Kan extra 1 Oct 2010 3 Dec 2010
177 Kan ordinary 24 Jan 2011 31 Aug 2011
178 Noda extra 13 Sept 2011 30 Sept 2011
179 Noda extra 20 Oct 2011 9 Dec 2011
180 Noda ordinary 24 Jan 2012 8 Sept 2012
181 Noda extra 29 Oct 2012 16 Nov 2012 dissolved
182 Noda, Abe (S) 2 special 26 Dec 2012 28 Dec 2012
183 Abe (S) 2 ordinary 28 Jan 2013 26 Jun 2013
184 Abe (S) 2 extra 2 Aug 2013 7 Aug 2013
185 Abe (S) 2 extra 15 Oct 2013 8 Dec 2013
186 Abe (S) 2 ordinary 24 Jan 2014 22 Jun 2014
187 Abe (S) 2 extra 29 Sept 2014 21 Nov 2014 dissolved
188 Abe (S) 2, Abe (S) 3 special 24 Dec 2014 26 Dec 2014
189 Abe (S) 3 ordinary 26 Jan 2015 27 Sept 2015
190 Abe (S) 3 ordinary 4 Jan 2016 1 Jun 2016
191 Abe (S) 3 extra 1 Aug 2016 3 Aug 2016
192 Abe (S) 3 extra 26 Sept 2016 17 Dec 2016
193 Abe (S) 3 ordinary 20 Jan 2017 18 Jun 2017
194 Abe (S) 3 extra 28 Sept 2017 28 Sept 2017 dissolved

reference