Lady Cloistered (Japan)

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Lady Cloistered 女院 Nyoin was a women's title which was regarded as the member of Japanese Imperial family in premodern era.

origin

In 10th century, Fujiwara no Senshi gave birth with Emperor Enyu. The son had become Emperor Ichijo, so she was natural mother of the monarch, however she did not enjoy 'Empress' title, being just a court servant. After the ascension of her son to the throne, in 991, she was given a title Abbey of Higashi-sanjo 東三條院 Higashi Sanjo In, and treated as 'Empress-in-honor'.

title

Lady Cloistered was given a title with Abbey 院 In by the emperor. The original meaning of the word In is a building, as a part of temples, shrines, palace, mansion house, etc. In was often referred as a living place of noble person, eventually In became the title to call these persons themselves, such as retired emperors, emperors-in-honor, empresses-in-honor, high-priests etc.

positions

various positions of women related to the imperial family were given the title, for example:

  • retired empress consort
  • natural mother of reigning emperor.
  • mother-in-law of reigning emperor.
  • unmarried daughter of the emperor.

list

title,
Abbey of
name father position birth creation death note
Higashi-sanjo 東三條院 Fujiwara no Senshi 藤原詮子 Fujiwara no Kaneie lady, Enyu
mother, Ichijo
962 16 Sept 991 22 leap Dec 1001
Joto-mon 上東門院 Fujiwara no Shoshi 藤原彰子 Fujiwara no Michinaga empress, Ichijo
mother, Goichijo
mother, Gosuzaku
988 19 Jan 1026 3 Oct 1074 nun 19 Jan 1026
Yomei-mon 陽明門院 Princess Teishi 禎子内親王 Emperor Sanjo empress, Gosuzaku
mother, Gosanjo
6 Jul 1013 17 Feb 1069 16 Jan 1094
Nijo 二條院 Princess Shoshi 章子内親王 Emperor Goichijo empress, Goreizei 9 Dec 1026 16 Jun 1074 17 Sept 1105
Ikuho-mon 郁芳門院 Princess Teishi 媞子内親王 Emperor Shirakawa mother-in-law, Horikawa 5 Apr 1076 19 Jan 1093 7 Aug 1096
Taiken-mon 待賢門院 Fujiwara no Shoshi 藤原璋子 Fujiwara no Kinzane empress, Toba
mother, Sutoku
mother, Goshirakawa
1101 24 Nov 1124 22 Aug 1145
Kaya 高陽院 Fujiwara no Taishi 藤原泰子 Fujiwara no Tadazane empress, Toba 1095 28 Jul 1139 16 Dec 1155
Bifuku-mon 美福門院 Fujiwara no Nariko 藤原得子 Fujiwara no Nagazane empress, Toba
mother, Konoe
1117 3 Aug 1149 23 Nov 1160
Koka-mon 皇嘉門院 Fujiwara no Seishi 藤原聖子 Fujiwara no Tadamichi empress, Sutoku 1122 27 Feb 1150 4 Dec 1181
Josai-mon 上西門院 Princess Muneko 統子内親王 Emperor Toba mother-in-law, Goshirakawa 23 Jul 1126 13 Feb 1159 20 Jul 1189
Hachijo 八條院 Princess Shoshi 暲子内親王 Emperor Toba mother-in-law, Nijo 8 Apr 1137 16 Dec 1161 26 Jun 1211
Takamatsu 高松院 Princess Shushi 姝子内親王 Emperor Toba empress, Nijo 8 Nov 1141 5 Feb 1162 13 Jun 1176
Kujo 九條院 Fujiwara no Teishi 藤原呈子 Fujiwara no Tadamichi empress, Konoe 1131 14 Mar 1168 19 Sept 1176
Kenshun-mon 建春門院 Taira no Shigeko 平滋子 Taira no Tokinobu lady, Goshirakawa
mother, Takakura
1142 12 Apr 1169 8 Jul 1176 empress dowager 20 Mar 1168
Kenrei-mon 建禮門院 Taira no Tokushi 平德子 Taira no Kiyomori empress, Takakura
mother, Antoku
1155 25 Nov 1181 13 Dec 1213 nun 1 May 1186
Impu-mon 殷富門院 Princess Ryoshi 亮子内親王 Emperor Goshirakawa mother-in-law, Antoku
mother-in-law, Gotoba
1147 28 Mar 1187 Apr 1216
Shichijo 七條院 Bomon Shokushi 坊門殖子 Bomon Nobutaka maid, Takakura
mother, Gotoba
1157 22 Apr 1190 16 Sept 1228
Senyo-mon 宣陽門院 Princess Kinshi 覲子内親王 Emperor Goshirakawa 5 Oct 1181 26 Jun 1191 8 Jun 1252
Gishu-mon 宜秋門院 Kujo Ninshi 九條任子 Kujo Kanezane empress, Gotoba 23 Sept 1173 28 Jun 1200 28 Dec 1238
Shomei-mon 承明門院 Tsuchimikado Zaishi 土御門在子 Tsuchimikado Michichika maid, Gotoba
mother, Tsuchimikado
1171 15 Jan 1202 5 Jul 1257
Bomon 坊門院 Princess Hanshi 範子内親王 Emperor Takakura mother-in-law, Tsuchimikado 6 Nov 1177 2 Sept 1206 12 Apr 1210
Shumei-mon 脩明門院 Takakura Jushi 高倉重子 Takakura Norisue maid, Gotoba
mother, Juntoku
1182 7 Jun 1207 29 Aug 1264
Shunka-mon 春華門院 Princess Shoshi 昇子内親王 Emperor Gotoba mother-in-law, Juntoku 13 Aug 1195 25 Apr 1209 8 Nov 1211
Onmei-mon 陰明門院 Oimikado Reishi 大炊御門麗子 Oimikado Yorizane empress, Tsuchimikado 1185 19 Mar 1210 18 Sept 1243
Kayo-mon 嘉陽門院 Princess Reishi 礼子内親王 Emperor Gotoba 1200 10 Jun 1214 2 Aug 1273
Higashi-Ichijo 東一条院 Kujo Risshi 九條立子 Kujo Yoshitsune empress, Juntoku
mother, Chukyo
1192 25 Mar 1222 21 Dec 1247
Kita-shirakawa 北白河院 Jimyoin Chinshi 持明院陳子 Jimyoin Motoie consort, Prince Morisada
mother, Gohorikawa
1173 11 Jul 1222 3 Oct 1238
Anka-mon 安嘉門院 Princess Kuniko 邦子内親王 Prince Morisada mother-in-law, Gohorikawa 1209 4 Aug 1224 4 Sept 1283
Anki-mon 安喜門院 Sanjo Yushi 三條有子 Sanjo Kinfusa empress, Gohorikawa 1207 20 Feb 1227 6 Feb 1286
Takatsukasa 鷹司院 Konoe Nagako 近衛長子 Konoe Iezane empress, Gohorikawa 1218 18 Apr 1229 11 Feb 1275
Souheki-mon 藻壁門院 Kujo Shunshi 九條竴子 Kujo Michiie empress, Gohorikawa
mother, Shijo
22 May 1209 3 Apr 1233 18 Sept 1233
Myogi-mon 明義門院 Princess Teishi 諦子内親王 Emperor Juntoku 22 Mar 1217 21 Dec 1236 29 Mar 1243
Shikiken-mon 式乾門院 Princess Toshiko 利子内親王 Prince Morisada mother-in-law, Shijo 1197 12 Nov 1239 2 Jan 1251
Senjin-mon 宣仁門院 Kujo Genshi 九條彦子 Kujo Norizane lady, Shijo 1227 23 Feb 1243 5 Jan 1262
Ogimachi 正親町院 Princess Kakushi 覚子内親王 Emperor Tsuchimikado 1213 26 Jun 1243 23 Aug 1285
Muromachi 室町院 Princess Kishi 暉子内親王 Emperor Gohorikawa 1228 14 Dec 1244 3 May 1300
Omiya 大宮院 Saionji Kisshi 西園寺姞子 Saionji Saneuji empress, Gosaga
mother, Gofukakusa
mother, Kameyama
1225 18 Jun 1248 9 Sept 1292
Senka-mon 仙華門院 Princess Gishi 曦子内親王 Emperor Tsuchimikado mother-in-law, Gosaga 1224 27 Mar 1251 21 Aug 1262
Eian-mon 永安門院 Princess Joshi 禯子内親王 Emperor Juntoku 1216 13 Nov 1251 21 Nov 1279
Shinsen-mon 神仙門院 Princess Taishi 躰子内親王 Emperor Gohorikawa 1231 7 Feb 1256 17 Dec 1301
Higashi-nijo 東二條院 Saionji Kimiko 西園寺公子 Saionji Saneuji empress, Gofukakusa 1232 19 Dec 1259 21 Jan 1304
Watoku-mon 和德門院 Princess Gishi 義子内親王 Emperor Chukyo 1234 8 Mar 1261 7 Dec 1289
Gekka-mon 月華門院 Princess Soshi 綜子内親王 Emperor Gosaga 9 Oct 1247 27 Jul 1263 1 Mar 1269
Imadegawa 今出川院 Saionji Kishi 西園寺嬉子 Saionji Kinsuke empress, Kameyama 1252 6 Dec 1269 25 Apr 1318
Kyogoku 京極院 Toin Kisshi 洞院佶子 Toin Saneo empress, Kameyama
mother, Gouda
1245 9 Aug 1272 9 Aug 1272
Shin-yomei-mon 新陽明門院 Konoe Ishi 近衛位子 Konoe Motohira lady, Kameyama 1262 28 Mar 1275 22 Jan 1296
Ensei-mon 延政門院 Princess Etsushi 悦子内親王 Emperor Gosaga 1259 28 Feb 1284 10 Feb 1332
Genki-mon 玄輝門院 Toin Inshi 洞院愔子 Toin Saneo maid, Gofukakusa
mother, Fushimi
1246 16 Dec 1288 30 Aug 1329
Gojo 五條院 Princess Ekishi 懌子内親王 Emperor Gosaga 1262 10 Dec 1289 25 Nov 1294
Yugi-mon 遊義門院 Princess Reishi 姈子内親王 Emperor Gofukakusa mother-in-law, Gouda 19 Sept 1270 12 Aug 1291 24 Jul 1307
Eiyo-mon 永陽門院 Princess Kyushi 久子内親王 Emperor Gofukakusa 1272 7 Feb 1294 25 Apr 1346
Shokei-mon 昭慶門院 Princess Kishi 悳子内親王 Emperor Kameyama 1270 11 Aug 1296 12 Mar 1324
Eifuku-mon 永福門院 Saionji Shoshi 西園寺鏱子 Saionji Sanekane empress, Fushimi
mother, Gofushimi
1271 21 Aug 1298 7 May 1342
Shokun-mon 昭訓門院 Saionji Eishi 西園寺瑛子 Saionji Sanekane maid, Kameyama 1273 19 Mar 1301 26 Jun 1336
Eika-mon 永嘉門院 Princess Zuishi 瑞子女王 Prince Munetaka maid, Gouda 1272 20 Jan 1302 29 Aug 1329
Yotoku-mon 陽德門院 Princess Eishi 媖子内親王 Emperor Gofukakusa 1288 15 Mar 1302 11 Aug 1352
Shogi-mon 章義門院 Princess Yoshiko 誉子内親王 Emperor Fushimi 22 Jun 1307 10 Oct 1336
Seika-mon 西華門院 Horikawa Kishi 堀河基子 Horikawa Tomomori maid, Gouda
mother, Gonijo
1269 2 Dec 1308 26 Aug 1355
Kogi-mon 廣義門院 Saionji Neishi 西園寺寧子 Saionji Kinhira lady, Gofushimi
mother, Kogon
mother, Komyo
1292 13 Jan 1309 22 leap Jul 1357
Shozen-mon 章善門院 Princess Nagako 永子内親王 Emperor Gofukakusa 3 Feb 1309 Mar 1338
Sakuhei-mon 朔平門院 Princess Jushi 璹子内親王 Emperor Fushimi 1287 27 Jun 1309 8 Oct 1310
Choraku-mon 長樂門院 Tokudaiji Kinshi 徳大寺忻子 Tokudaiji Kintaka empress, Gonijo 1283 19 Dec 1310 1 Feb 1352
Enmei-mon 延明門院 Princess Enshi 延子内親王 Emperor Fushimi 1291 24 Feb 1315
Danten-mon 談天門院 Itsutsuji Chushi 五辻忠子 Itsutsuji Tadatsugu maid, Gouda
mother, Godaigo
1268 12 Apr 1318 15 Nov 1319
Tatchi-mon 達智門院 Princess Shoshi 奨子内親王 Emperor Gouda 9 Sept 1286 15 Nov 1319 2 Nov 1348
Manshu-mon 萬秋門院 Ichijo Gyokushi 一條頊子 Ichijo Sanetsune maid, Gonijo 1268 26 Feb 1320 26 Mar 1338
Jusei-mon 壽成門院 Princess Benshi 㛹子内親王 Emperor Gonijo 1302 24 Aug 1320 20 May 1362
Kenshin-mon 顯親門院 Toin Kishi 洞院季子 Toin Saneo maid, Fushimi
mother, Hanazono
1265 7 Feb 1326 13 Feb 1336
Sumei-mon 崇明門院 Princess Baishi 禖子内親王 Emperor Gouda consort, Prince Kuniyoshi 25 Oct 1331
Reisei-mon 礼成門院 Saionji Kishi 西園寺禧子 Saionji Sanekane empress, Godaigo 1303 20 May 1332 retitled Abbey of Go-kyogoku 後京極院
Go-kyogoku 後京極院 Saionji Kishi 西園寺禧子 Saionji Sanekane empress, Godaigo 12 Oct 1333 12 Oct 1333 former Abbey of Reisei-mon 礼成門院
Sensei-mon 宣政門院 Princess Kinshi 懽子内親王 Emperor Godaigo lady, Kogon 16 Oct 1315 2 Feb 1335 7 May 1362
Shotoku-mon 章徳門院 Princess Koshi 璜子内親王 Emperor Gofushimi 2 Apr 1336
Shin-muromachi 新室町院 Princess Junshi 珣子内親王 Emperor Gofushimi empress, Godaigo 23 Feb 1311 16 Jan 1337 12 May 1337
Kian-mon 徽安門院 Princess Hisako 寿子内親王 Emperor Hanazono 1318 7 Feb 1337 2 Apr 1358
Senko-mon 宣光門院 Ogimachi Saneko 正親町実子 Ogimachi Saneaki maid, Hanazono 1297 28 Apr 1338 5 Sept 1360
Shin-taiken-mon 新待賢門 Ano Renshi 阿野廉子 Ano Kinkado maid, Godaigo
mother, Gomurakami
1301 28 Dec 1351 29 Apr 1359
Yoroku-mon 陽禄門院 Ogimachisanjo Hideko 正親町三条秀子 Ogimachisanjo Kinhide maid, Kogon
mother, Suko
mother, Gokogon
1311 29 Oct 1352 28 Nov 1352
Suken-mon 崇賢門院 Hirohashi Chushi 広橋仲子 Hirohashi Kanetsuna maid, Gokogon
mother, Goenyu
1336/1339 25 Apr 1383 20 May 1427
Tsuyo-mon 通陽門院 Sanjo Takako 三条厳子 Sanjo Kintada maid, Goenyu
mother, Gokomatsu
1352 24 Jul 1396 27 Dec 1406
Kitayama 北山院 Hino Yasuko 日野康子 Hino Sukeyasu mother-in-law, Gokomatsu 1369 5 Mar 1407 11 Nov 1419
Kohan-mon 光範門院 Hinonishi Sukeko 日野西資子 Hinonishi Sukekuni maid, Gokomatsu
mother, Shoko
1384 29 Jul 1425 8 Sept 1440
Fusei-mon 敷政門院 Niwata Yukiko 庭田幸子 Niwata Tsuneari consort, Prince Sadafusa
mother, Gohanazono
1390 4 Mar 1448 13 Apr 1448
Karaku-mon 嘉楽門院 Oimikado Nobuko 大炊御門信子 Oimikado Nobumune maid, Gohanazono
mother, Gotsuchimikado
1411 26 Jul 1481 28 Apr 1488
Kittoku-mon 吉徳門院 Madenokoji Eiko 万里小路栄子 Madenokoji Katafusa maid, Gonara
mother, Ogimachi
1494 26 Sept 1558 10 Oct 1522 posthumously
Buraku-mon 豊楽門院 Kajuji Fujiko 勧修寺藤子 Kajuji Norihide maid, Gokashiwabara
mother, Gonara
26 Aug 1464 12 Jan 1535 11 Jan 1535 posthumously
Shin-joto-mon 新上東門院 Kajuji Haruko 勧修寺晴子 Kajuji Haremigi consort, Prince Sanehito
mother, Goyozei
1553 29 Dec 1600 18 Feb 1620
Chuka-mon 中和門院 Konoe Sakiko 近衛前子 Konoe Sakihisa lady, Goyozei
mother, Gomizunoo
1575 2 Jun 1620 3 Jul 1630
Tofuku-mon 東福門院 Tokugawa Masako 德川和子 Tokugawa Hidetada empress, Gomizunoo
mother, Meisho
4 Oct 1607 9 Nov 1629 15 Jun 1678
Mibu 壬生院 Sono Mitsuko 園光子 Sono Mototoo maid, Gomizunoo
mother, Gokomyo
1602 18 Aug 1654 11 Feb 1656
Shin-kogi-mon 新廣義門院 Sono Kuniko 園國子 Sono Motone maid, Gomizunoo
mother, Reigen
1624 5 Jul 1677 5 Jul 1677
Hoshun-mon 逢春門院 Kushige Takako 櫛笥隆子 Kushige Takachika maid, Gomizunoo
mother, Gosai
1604 24 May 1685 22 May 1685 posthumously
Shin-josai-mon 新上西門院 Takatsukasa Fusako 鷹司房子 Takatsukasa Norihira empress, Reigen 12 Oct 1653 25 Mar 1687 14 Apr 1712
Shoshu-mon 承秋門院 Princess Yukiko 幸子女王 Prince Yukihito empress, Higashiyama 23 Sept 1680 21 Mar 1710 10 Feb 1720
Shin-suken-mon 新崇賢門院 Kushige Yoshiko 櫛笥賀子 Kushige Takayoshi maid, Higashiyama
mother, Nakamikado
1675 26 Mar 1710 29 Dec 1709 posthumously
Keiho-mon 敬法門院 Matsunoki Muneko 松木宗子 Matsunoki Muneeda maid, Reigen
mother, Higashiyama
30 Dec 1657 23 Dec 1711 30 Aug 1732
Reisei-mon 礼成門院 Princess Takako 孝子内親王 Emperor Gokomyo 11 Oct 1650 26 Jun 1725 26 Jun 1725
Shin-chuka-mon 新中和門院 Konoe Hisako 近衛尚子 Konoe Iehiro lady, Nakamikado
mother, Sakuramachi
9 Mar 1702 20 Jan 1720 20 Jan 1720
Seiki-mon 青綺門院 Nijo Ieko 二条舎子 Nijo Yoshitada lady, Sakuramachi
mother, Gosakuramachi
24 Aug 1716 26 Jun 1750 19 Jan 1790
Kaimei-mon 開明門院 Anegakoji Sadako 姉小路定子 Anegakoji Sanetake maid, Sakuramachi
mother, Momozono
18 Jul 1717 10 Feb 1763 22 Sept 1789
Kyorai-mon 恭礼門院 Ichijo Tomiko 一条富子 Ichijo Kaneka lady, Momozono
mother, Gomomozono
4 Feb 1743 9 Jul 1771 30 Nov 1795
Seika-mon 盛化門院 Konoe Koreko 近衛維子 Konoe Uchisaki lady, Gomomozono 9 Dec 1759 12 Oct 1783 12 Oct 1783
Shin-koka-mon 新皇嘉門院 Takatsukasa Tsunako 鷹司繁子 Takatsukasa Masahiro lady, Ninko 1 Feb 1798 6 Apr 1823 4 Apr 1823 posthumously
Shin-seiwa 新清和院 Princess Yoshiko 欣子内親王 Emperor Gomomozono empress, Kokaku 24 Jan 1779 22 leap Jan 1841 20 Jun 1846
Higashi-kyogoku 東京極院 Kajuji Tadako 勧修寺婧子 Kajuji Tsunehaya maid, Kokaku
mother, Ninko
6 Nov 1780 13 Feb 1845 21 Mar 1843 posthumously
Shin-sakuhei-mon 新朔平門院 Takatsukasa Yasuko 鷹司祺子 Takatsukasa Masahiro lady, Ninko 25 Feb 1811 13 Oct 1847 13 Oct 1847
Shin-taiken-mon 新待賢門院 Ogimachi Masako 正親町雅子 Ogimachi Sanemitsu maid, Ninko
mother, Komei
1 Nov 1803 27 Feb 1850 6 Jul 1856 posthumously

reference