Earldom in the peerage of Scotland

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Earldom in the peerage of Scotland

list of earldoms in the peerage of Scotland

title surname creation status note
Earl of Dunbar de Dunbar 1072 forfeit 1435
Earl of Fife unknown 1107 extinct 1120
Earl of Angus Gilchrist 1115 extinct 1381
Earl of Atholl Strathbogie 1115 extinct 1314
Earl of Mar Mar, Erskine, Goodeve Erskine, Mar 1115 extant forfeit 1716-1824; also Earl of Kellie 1829-1866; dormant 1866-1885
Earl of Stratherne Malise 1115 forfeit 1332
Earl of Fife unknown 1120 extinct 1128
Earl of Fife Macduff, Stewart 1129 extinct 1425
Earl of Ross MacHeth 1157 extinct 1163
Earl of Menteith Menteith, Stewart bef 1164 extinct 1425
Earl of Lennox Mcarkill 1184 extinct 1459
Earl of Carrick Bruce 1186 extinct 1306
Earl of Ross MacTaggart, de Ross, Leslie, Macdonald 1215 surrendered 1476
Earl of Buchan Comyn 1221 forfeit 1320
Earl of Sutherland Sutherland, Egerton 1230 extant also Duke of Sutherland and Marquess of Stafford in the United Kingdom
and Earl Gower in Great Britain from 1839 until 1963
Earl of Angus Umfraville 1297 extinct 1381
Earl of Atholl Campbell 1314 resigned 1333
Earl of Carrick Bruce 1314 extinct 1371
Earl of Moray Randolph, Dunbar, Stuart 1314 forfeit 1455
Earl of Angus Stewart 1330 resigned 1389
Earl of Caithness Strathearn 1334 forfeit 1335
Earl of Atholl Douglas 1341 extinct 1371
Earl of Wigtown Fleming 1341 surrendered title 1372
Earl of Wigtown Fleming 1341 extinct 1371
Earl of Strathearn Moray 1343 resigned 1346
Earl of Douglas Douglas 1357 forfeit 1456
Earl of Strathearn Stewart 1358 forfeit 1437
Earl of Moray Plantagenet 1359 extinct 1361
Earl of Carrick Cunynghame 1361 extinct 1363
Earl of Buchan Stewart 1374 extinct 1425
Earl of Caithness Stewart 1375 forfeit 1437;
Earl of Angus Douglas 1389 extant created Marquess of Douglas in 1633, created Duke of Douglas in 1703 which become extinct in 1761.
created Duke of Hamilton in 1761.
Earl of Carrick Stewart 1390 extinct
Earl of Crawford Lindsay 1398 extant also Earl of Lindsay 1652-1808; dormant 1808-1848; also Earl of Balcarres from 1848
Earl of Carrick Stewart 1398 extant subsidiary title of Duke of Rothesay
Earl of Menteith Graham 1427 extinct 1694
Earl of Strathearn Graham 1427 extinct 1427
Earl of Avondale Douglas 1437 forfeit 1456
Earl of Huntly Gordon 1445 extant created Marquess of Huntly and Earl of Enzie in 1599, created Duke of Gordon in 1684, which title extinct 1836, created Earl of Norwich in Great Britain in 1784, which title extinct 1836, also Earl of Aboyne from 1836
Earl of Ormonde Douglas 1445 forfeit 1455
Earl of Caithness Crichton 1452 extinct 1455
Earl of Erroll Hay 1453 extant
Earl of Caithness Sinclair 1455 extant
Earl of Argyll Campbell 1457 extant created Duke of Argyll, Marquess of Kintyre and Lorne and Earl of Campbell and Cowall in 1701, also Earl of Ilay from 1743 until 1761, created Duke of Argyll in the United Kingdom in 1892
Earl of Atholl Stewart 1457 resigned 1595
Earl of Morton Douglas 1458 extant
Earl of Rothes Leslie 1458 extant
Earl Marischal Keith 1458 forfeit 1715
Earl of Mar and Garioch Stewart 1459 extinct 1479
Earl of Arran Boyd 1467 forfeit 1469
Earl of Buchan Stewart, Erskine 1469 extant
Earl of Ross Stewart 1481 extinct 1504 created Duke of Ross in 1488.
Earl of Mar and Garioch Stewart 1483 forfeit 1483 also Duke of Albany
Earl of Mar and Garioch Stewart 1486 extinct 1503
Earl of Glencairn Cunynghame 1488 extinct 1796
Earl of Bothwell Hepburn 1488 forfeit 1567 created Duke of Orkney and Marquess of Fife in 1567
Earl of Ardmenach Stewart 1488 extinct 1504 subsidiary title of the Duke of Ross, created Marquess of Ormonde at the same time
Earl of Lennox Stewart 1488 merged in Crown 1571
Earl of Moray Stewart 1501 extinct 1544
Earl of Arran Hamilton 1503. 8.11 dormant peerage earldom dormant, territorial earldom extant
Earl of Montrose Graham 1505. 3. 3 extant created Marquess of Montrose in 1644 and Duke of Montrose, Marquess of Graham and Buchanan and Earl of Kincardine in 1707, also Earl Graham of Belford in Great Britain from 1742
Earl of Eglinton Montgomerie 1507. 1 extant created Earl of Winton in the United Kingdom in 1859
Earl of Cassilis Kennedy 1509 extant created Marquess of Ailsa in the United Kingdom in 1831
Earl of Moray Stuart 1562. 1.30 extant
Earl of Ross Stuart 1565. 5.15 merged in crown 1567 subsidiary title of the Duke of Albany
Earl of Mar Erskine 1565. 6.24 extant forfeit 1716-1824; also Earl of Kellie 1829-1866 and since 1875
Earl of Lennox Stewart 1572. 4.18 extinct 1576
Earl of Lennox Stewart 1578. 6.16 surrendered peerage 1580
Earl of Lennox Stewart 1580. 3. 5 extinct 1672 created Earl of Darnley and Duke of Lennox in 1581
Earl of March Stewart 1580. 3. 5 extinct 1672
Earl of Morton Maxwell 1581. 6. 5 returned 1586
Earl of Bothwell Stewart 1581. 6.16 forfeit 1624
Earl of Darnley Stewart 1581. 8. 5 extinct 1672 subsidiary title of the Duke of Lennox
Earl of Gowrie Ruthven 1581. 8.23 forfeit 1600
Earl of Arran Stewart 1581.10.28 returned 1585 see Lord Ochiltree
Earl of Orkney Stewart 1581.10.28 forfeit 1614
Earl of Atholl Stewart 1596. 3. 6 resigned 1625
Earl of Arran Hamilton 1599. 4.17 dormant 1651 subsidiary title of the Marquess of Hamilton
Earl of Enzie Gordon 1599. 4.17 extant subsidiary title of the Marquess of Huntly, also Earl of Huntly, created Duke of Gordon in 1684, which title extinct 1836, created Earl of Norwich in Great Britain in 1784, which title extinct 1836, also Earl of Aboyne from 1836
Earl of Linlithgow Livingston 1600.11.15 forfeit 1716
Earl of Wintoun Seton 1600.11.16 forfeit 1716
Earl of Ross Stewart 1600.12.23 merged in crown 1625 subsidiary title of the Duke of Albany
Earl of Home Douglas-Home 1605. 3. 4 extant
Earl of Perth Drummond 1605. 3. 4 extant forfeit 1716-1853
Earl of Dunfermline Seton 1605. 3. 4 extinct 1694
Earl of Dunbar Home 1605. 7. 3 extinct 1611
Earl of Wigtown Fleming 1606. 3.19 extinct 1747
Earl of Abercorn Hamilton 1606. 7.10 extant created Marquess of Abercorn in Great Britain in 1790 and Duke of Abercorn in Ireland and Marquess of Hamilton in the United Kingdom in 1868
Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne Lyon 1606. 7.10 extant originally designated Earl of Kinghorne; designation changed to Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne in 1677; created Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne in the United Kingdom in 1937
Earl of Lothian Kerr 1606. 7.10 extant created Earl of Lothian in 1631, also Earl of Ancram from 1690, created Marquess of Lothian in 1701
Earl of Tullibardine Murray 1606. 7.10 extinct 1670
Earl of Roxburghe Ker 1616. 9.18 extant created Duke of Roxburghe, Marquess of Bowmont and Cessford and Earl of Kelso in 1707, also Earl Ker in Great Britain from 1741 until 1804, created Earl Innes in the United Kingdom in 1837
Earl of Kellie Erskine 1619. 3.12 extant also Earl of Mar 1829-1866 and since 1875
Earl of Buccleuch Scott 1619. 3.16 extant created Duke of Buccleuch and Earl of Dalkeith in 1663, also Earl of Doncaster in England from 1743 and Duke of Queensberry, Marquess of Dumfriesshire and Earl of Drumlanrig and Sanquhar from 1810
Earl of Haddington Hamilton, Baillie-Hamilton 1619. 3.20 extant originally created as Earl of Melrose; designation changed to Earl of Haddingtin in 1627
Earl of Nithsdale Maxwell 1620. 8.20 forfeit 1716
Earl of Galloway Stewart 1623. 9.19 extant
Earl of Seaforth Mackenzie 1623.12. 3 forfeit 1716
Earl of Lauderdale Maitland 1624. 3.14 extant created Duke of Lauderdale in 1672; that title extinct 1682
Earl of Annandale Murray 1625. 3.13 extinct 1658
Earl of Tullibardine Murray 1628. 1.30 extant created Marquess of Atholl and Earl of Tullibardine in 1676 and Duke of Atholl, Marquess of Tullibardine and Earl of Strathtay and Strathardle in 1703
Earl of Carrick Stewart 1628. 7.22 extinct 1652
Earl of Atholl Murray 1629. 2.17 extant created Marquess of Atholl and Earl of Tullibardine in 1676 and Duke of Atholl, Marquess of Tullibardine and Earl of Strathtay and Strathardle in 1703
Earl of Lothian Kerr 1631.10.31 extant also Earl of Lothian, also Earl of Ancram from 1690, created Marquess of Lothian in 1701
Earl of Airth Graham 1632. 1.21 extinct 1694
Earl of Lindsay Lindsay, Bethune 1633. 5. 8 extant also Earl of Crawford 1642-1808; dormant 1808-1878
Earl of Loudoun Campbell 1633. 5.12 extant
Earl of Kinnoull Hay 1633. 5.25 extant
Earl of Dumfries Crichton-Stuart 1633. 6.12 extant also Marquess of Bute and Earl of Windsor in Great Britain and Earl of Bute from 1814
Earl of Queensberry Douglas 1633. 6.13 extant created Marquess of Queensberry in 1682, created Duke of Queensberry, Marquess of Dumfriesshire and Earl of Drumlanrig and Sanquhar in 1684, which titles separated 1810
Earl of Angus Douglas 1633. 6.14 extant subsidiary title of the Marquess of Douglas; also Duke of Hamilton, Duke of Brandon, and Marquess of Clydesdale from 1761
Earl of Stirling Alexander 1633. 6.14 extinct 1739
Earl of Elgin Bruce 1633. 6.21 extant created Earl of Ailesbury in England in 1664, which title extinct 1747, also Earl of Kincardine from 1747
Earl of Southesk Carnegie 1633. 6.22 extant forfeit 1716-1855; also Duke of Fife since 1992
Earl of Traquair Stuart 1633. 6.23 extinct 1861
Earl of Ancram Kerr 1633. 6.24 extant also Earl of Lothian from 1690, created Marquess of Lothian in 1701
Earl of Wemyss Wemyss 1633. 6.25 extant forfeit 1756-1826; also Earl of March from 1826
Earl of Dalhousie Ramsay 1633. 6.29 extant created Marquess of Dalhousie in the United Kingdom in 1849; that title extinct 1860
Earl of Findlater Ogilvy 1638. 2.20 extinct 1811
Earl of Lanark Hamilton, Douglas-Hamilton 1639. 3.31 extant also Duke of Hamilton from 1649
Earl of Airlie Ogilvy 1639. 4. 2 extant forfeit 1717-1826
Earl of Carnwath Dalzell 1639. 4.21 extinct 1941 forfeit 1716-1826
Earl of Calendar Livingston 1641.10. 6 forfeit 1716
Earl of Leven Leslie 1641.10.11 extant also Earl of Melville from 1707
Earl of Forth Ruthven 1642. 3.27 extinct 1651
Earl of Irvine Campbell 1642. 3.28 extinct 1660
Earl of Hartfell Johnstone 1643. 3.18 extinct 1808 created Earl of Annandale and Hartfell in 1662 and Marquess of Annandale in 1703; all titles dormant from 1792
Earl of Arran and Cambridge Hamilton 1643. 4.12 extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Hamilton, created Marquess of Clydesdale at the same time, also Marquess of Douglas and Earl of Angus, created Duke of Brandon in Great Britain in 1711
Earl of Dysart Murray, Greaves 1643. 8. 3 extant
Earl of Kincardine Graham 1644. 5. 6 extant subsidiary title of Marquess of Montrose
Earl of Dirletoun Maxwell 1646 extinct 1650
Earl of Panmure Maule 1646. 8. 3 forfeit 1715
Earl of Selkirk Douglas-Hamilton 1646. 8. 4 extant also Duke of Hamilton, Marquess of Clydesdale, and Earl of Arran, Lanark and Cambridge 1660-1694 and from 1886 until 1940 and Duke of Brandon in Great Britain and Marquess of Douglas and Earl of Angus in Scotland from 1886 until 1940; disclaimed since 1994
Earl of Tweeddale Hay 1646.12. 1 extant created Marquess of Tweeddale and Earl of Gifford in 1690
Earl of Northesk Carnegie 1647.11. 1 extant created originally as Earl of Ethie; designation changed to Northesk in 1662
Earl of Kincardine Bruce 1647.12.26 extant also Earl of Elgin from 1747
Earl of Balcarres Lindsay 1651. 1. 9 extant also Earl of Crawford from 1848
Earl of Ormonde Douglas 1651. 4. 3 extinct 1715 created Earl of Forfar in 1661
Earl of Tarras Scott 1660. 9. 4 extinct 1693
Earl of Aboyne Gordon 1660. 9.10 extant also Marquess of Huntly, Earl of Huntly and Earl of Enzie from 1836
Earl of Arran, Lanark, and Selkirk Hamilton 1660. 9.20 extinct 1694 peerage for life only; subsidiary title of the Duke of Hamilton; created Marquess of Clydesdale at the same time
Earl of Middleton Middleton 1660.10. 1 forfeit 1695
Earl of Newburgh Livingston 1660.12.31 extant
Earl of Dundee Scrimgeour 1661 extant dormant 1668-1953
Earl of Annandale and Hartfell Johnstone 1661. 2.13 extant dormant 1792-1985
Earl of Kilmarnock Boyd 1661. 8. 7 forfeit 1746
Earl of Forfar Douglas 1661.10. 2 extinct 1715 also Earl of Ormonde of 1651
Earl of Teviot Rutherford 1663. 2. 2 extinct 1664
Earl of Dalkeith Scott 1663. 4.20 extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Buccleuch, also Earl of Buccleuch, also Earl of Doncaster in England from 1743, also Duke of Queensberry, Marquess of Dumfriesshire and Earl of Drumlanrig and Sanquhar from 1810
Earl of Dalkeith Scott 1663. 4.20 forfeit 1685 subsidiary title of the Duke of Buccleuch, also Duke of Monmouth and Earl of Doncaster in England
Earl of Dundonald Cochrane 1669. 5.12 extant
Earl of Dumbarton Douglas 1675. 3. 9 extinct 1749
Earl of Darnley Gordon-Lennox 1675. 9. 9 extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Lennox, created Duke of Richmond and Earl of March in England at the same time, created Duke of Gordon and Earl of Kinrara in the United Kingdom in 1876
Earl of Tullibardine Murray 1676. 2.17 extant subsidiary title of the Marquess of Atholl, also Earl of Atholl, created Duke of Atholl, Marquess of Tullibardine and Earl of Strathtay and Strathardle in 1703
Earl of Kintore Keith-Falconer 1677. 6.20 extant
Earl of Breadalbane and Holland Campbell 1677. 6.28 dormant 1995 originally created Earl of Caithness; designation changed to Earl of Breadalbane and Holland 1681; created Marquess of Breadalbane and Earl of Ormelie in the United Kingdom in 1831, which titles extinct 1862, created Marquess of Breadalbane and Earl of Ormelie in the United Kingdom in 1885, which titles extinct 1922
Earl of Leslie Leslie 1680. 5.29 extinct 1681 subsidiary title of the Duke of Rothes; created Marquess of Bambreich at the same time
Earl of Drumlanrig and Sanquhar Douglas 1682. 2.11 extant subsidiary title of the Marquess of Queensberry; subsidiary title of the Duke of Queensberry in 1684, created Marquess of Dumfriesshire at the same time, also Marquess of Queensberry and Earl of Queensberry until 1810, also Duke of Buccleuch, Earl of Buccleuch and Earl of Dalkeith from 1810, also Earl of Doncaster in Peerage of England from 1810
Earl of Aberdeen Gordon 1682.11.30 extant created Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair and Earl of Haddo in the United Kingdom in 1916
Earl of Huntly and Enzie Gordon 1684.11. 3 extinct 1836 subsidiary title of the Duke of Gordon, created Marquess of Huntly at the same time; also Marquess of Huntly and Earl of Enzie
Earl of Melfort Drummond 1686. 8.12 extinct 1902 forfeit 1695-1853
Earl of Dunmore Murray 1686. 8.16 extant
Earl of Melville Melville 1690. 4. 8 extant also Earl of Leven from 1707
Earl of Gifford Hay 1694.12.17 extant subsidiary title of the Marquess of Tweeddale
Earl of Orkney Hamilton, Fitz-Maurice 1696. 1. 3 extant
Earl of Tullibardine Murray 1696. 7.27 extinct 1724 peerage for life only. Also Marquess of Atholl and Earl of Tullibardine from 1703. 5 and Duke of Atholl and Marquess of Tullibardine from 1703. 6
Earl of Ruglen Hamilton 1697. 4.14 extinct 1810
Earl of March Douglas 1697. 4.20 extant also Earl of Wemyss from 1810
Earl of Marchmont Hume 1697. 5.23 extinct 1794
Earl of Ancram Kerr 1701. 6.23 extant subsidiary title of the Marquess of Lothian
Earl of Campbell and Cowall Campbell 1701. 6.23 extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Argyll, created Marquess of Kintyre and Lorne at the same time, also Earl of Ilay from 1743 until 1761, created Duke of Argyll in the United Kingdom in 1892
Earl of Hartfell Johnston, Vanden-Bempde 1701. 6.24 dormant 1792 subsidiary title of the Marquess of Annandale
Earl of Seafield Ogilvie 1701. 6.24 extant
Earl of Hyndford Carmichael 1701. 7.25 extinct 1817
Earl of Cromartie Mackenzie 1703. 1. 1 forfeit 1745
Earl of Stair Dalrymple 1703. 4. 8 extant
Earl of Rosebery Primrose 1703. 4.10 extant created Earl of Midlothian in United Kingdom in 1911
Earl of Glasgow Boyle 1703. 4.12 extant
Earl of Portmore Colyear 1703. 4.13 extinct 1835
Earl of Bute Crichton-Stuart 1703. 4.14 extant created Marquess of Bute and Earl of Windsor in Great Britain in 1796, also Earl of Dumfries from 1814
Earl of Hopetoun Hope 1703. 4.15 extant created Marquess of Linlithgow in the United Kingdom in 1902
Earl of Strathtay and Strathardle Murray 1703. 6.30 extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Atholl, created Marquess of Tullibardine at the same time, also Marquess of Atholl, Earl of Atholl and Earl of Tullibardine
Earl of Deloraine Scott 1706. 3.29 extinct 1807
Earl of Solway Douglas 1706. 6.17 extinct 1778
Earl of Ilay Campbell 1706.10.19 extinct 1761 also Duke of Argyll, Marquess of Kintyre and Lorne, Earl of Argyll and Earl of Campbell and Cowall from 1743
Earl of Kincardine Graham 1707. 4.24 extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Montrose, created Marquess of Graham and Buchanan at the same time, also Marquess of Montrose and Earl of Montrose, also Earl Graham of Belford in Great Britain from 1722
Earl of Kelso Ker 25 Apr 1707 extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Roxburghe, created Marquess of Bowmosnt and Cessford at the same time, also Earl of Roxburghe, also Earl Ker in Great Britain from 1741 until 1804, created Earl Innes in the United Kingdom in 1837

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