Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

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Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg (de) / Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (en) / duc de Brunswick-Lunebourg (fr) / ブラウンシュヴァイク=リューネブルク公 (ja)

imperial office

  • 1708-1710 Erzbannerträger / Arch-Bannerbearer
  • 1710-1714 Erzschatzmeister / Arch-Treasurer
  • 1714-1777 Erzbannerträger / Arch-Bannerbearer
  • 1777-1814 Erzschatzmeister / Arch-Treasurer

list

no start of reign end of reign name family note
1235 9 Jun 1252 Otto I the Child Welf
9 Jun 1252 1269 Albrecht I the Tall Welf co-reign
9 Jun 1252 1269 Johann I Welf co-reign
1269 13 Dec 1277 Johann I Welf Prince of Lüneburg
1269 15 Aug 1279 Albrecht I the Tall Welf Prince of Wolfenbüttel. see Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
13 Dec 1277 10 Apr 1330 Otto II the Strict Welf Prince of Lüneburg
10 Apr 1330 19 Aug 1352 Otto IV Welf co-reign
10 Apr 1330 19 Aug 1352 Wilhelm III the Elder Welf co-reign
19 Aug 1352 23 Nov 1369 Wilhelm III the Elder Welf solo reign
23 Nov 1369 25 Jul 1373 Magnus II the Necklace Welf
25 Jul 1373 28 Jun 1385 Albrecht Ascania co-reign
25 Jul 1373 28 Jun 1385 Wenzel Ascania co-reign
28 Jun 1385 15 May 1388 Wenzel Ascania solo reign
15 May 1388 1409 Heinrich III the Mild Welf co-reign
15 May 1388 1409 Bernhard I Welf co-reign
1409 14 Oct 1416 Heinrich III the Mild Welf solo reign
14 Oct 1416 1428 Wilhelm IV the Victorious Welf co-reign
14 Oct 1416 1428 Heinrich IV the Peaceful Welf co-reign
1428 11 Jun 1434 Bernhard I Welf
11 Jun 1434 1446 Otto VII the Lame Welf
1446 1457 Friedrich II the Pious Welf
1457 1464 Bernhard II Welf co-reign
1457 1464 Otto VIII Magnanimous Welf co-reign
1464 9 Jan 1471 Otto VIII Magnanimous Welf solo reign
9 Jan 1471 19 Mar 1478 Friedrich II the Pious Welf
19 Mar 1478 1520 Heinrich VII the Middle Welf
1520 1527 Otto IX Welf co-reign
1520 1527 Ernst III the Confessor Welf co-reign
1527 1536 Ernst III the Confessor Welf solo reign
1536 1539 Ernst III the Confessor Welf co-reign
1536 1539 Franz I Welf co-reign
1539 11 Jan 1546 Ernst III the Confessor Welf solo reign. 1546-55 interregnum
1555 29 Apr 1559 Franz Otto Welf
29 Apr 1559 1569 Heinrich X Welf co-reign
29 Apr 1559 1569 Wilhelm VI the Younger Welf co-reign
1569 20 Aug 1592 Wilhelm VI the Younger Welf
20 Aug 1592 2 Mar 1611 Ernst V Welf
2 Mar 1611 8 Nov 1633 Christian the Elder Welf 1617 annexed Grubenhagen
8 Nov 1633 1 Oct 1636 August I the Elder Welf
1 Oct 1636 10 Dec 1648 Friedrich IV Welf
10 Dec 1648 15 Mar 1665 Christian Ludwig Welf
15 Mar 1665 28 Aug 1705 Georg Wilhelm Welf
28 Aug 1705 11 Jun 1727 Georg Ludwig Welf 23 Jan 1698 Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Calenberg. 7 Sept 1708 Elector
11 Jun 1727 25 Oct 1760 Georg August Welf
25 Oct 1760 6 Aug 1806 Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Welf 1814 King of Hanover

subdivisions

  • Principality of Wolfenbüttel
  • Principality of Lüneburg
  • Principality of Grubenhagen
  • Principality of Göttingen
  • Principality of Calenburg

table

        Otto I the Child                1204-1252       Luneburg (1235-1252)
        Albert I the Tall               1236-1279       Luneburg (1252-1269c            Brunswick (1269-1279)
        John I                          1242-1277       Luneburg (1252-1269c/1269-1277)
        Otto II the Strict              1266-1330       Luneburg (1277-1330)
        Henry I the Admirable           1267-1322                                       Brunswick (1279-1291c)  Grubenhagen (1291-1322)
        William I                       1270-1292                                       Brunswick (1279-1291c)                            Wolfenbuttel (1291-1292)
        Albert II the Fat               1268-1318                                       Brunswick (1279-1291c)                            Wolfenbuttel (1292-1318)      Gottingen (1291-1318)
        Otto III the Mild               1292-1344                                                                                         Wolfenbuttel (1318-1344)      Gottingen (1318-1344)
        Magnus I the Pious              1304-1369                                                                                         Wolfenbuttel (1318-44c/44-69) Gottingen (1318-44c/44-67)
        Henry II                        b1296-a1351                                                             Grubenhagen (1322-1351)
        Ernest II                       1297-1361                                                               Grubenhagen (1322-1361)
        William II                      1298-1360                                                               Grubenhagen (1322-1360)
        John II                         b1296-a1367                                                             Grubenhagen (1322-1325)
        Otto IV                         1296-1352       Luneburg (1330-1352)
        William III the Elder           c1300-1369      Luneburg (1330-1369)
        Albert III                      c1339-1383                                                              Grubenhagen (1361-1383)
        John III                        c1339-1401                                                              Grubenhagen (1361-1364)
        Otto V the Evil                 1330-1394                                                                                                                       Gottingen (1367-1394)
        Magnus II the Necklace          1304-1373       Luneburg (1369-1373)                                                              Wolfenbuttel (1369-1373)
        Frederick I                     1357-1400                                                                                         Wolfenbuttel (1373-1400)
Ascan   Albert IV                       b1350-1385      Luneburg (1373-1385c)
Ascan   Wenceslaus I                    1337-1388       Luneburg (1373-85c/85-88)
        Eric I the Winter               c1383-1427                                                              Grubenhagen (1383-1427)
        Henry III the Mild              1355-1416       Luneburg (1388-1416)                                                              Wolfenbuttel (1400-1409)
        Bernard I                       1358/64-1434    Luneburg (1388-1409)                                                              Wolfenbuttel (1400-1428)
        Otto VI the One-Eyed            1380-1463                                                                                                                       Gottingen (1394-1463)
        William IV the Victorious       1392-1482       Luneburg (1416-1428)                                                              Wolfenbuttel (1428-32/73-82)  Gottingen (1432-1482)   Calenburg (1432-1482)
        Henry IV the Peaceful           1411-1473       Luneburg (1416-1428)                                                              Wolfenbuttel (1428-1473)
        Henry V                         1416-1464                                                               Grubenhagen (1427-1464)
        Bernard I                       1358/64-1434    Luneburg (1428-1434)
        Otto VII the Lame               ?-1446          Luneburg (1434-1446)
        Frederick II the Pious          1418-1478       Luneburg (1434-1457/71-78)
        Albert V                        1419-1485                                                               Grubenhagen (1440-1485)
        Bernard II                      1437-1464       Luneburg (1457-1464)
        Otto VIII Magnanimous           1439-1471       Luneburg (1457-1471)
        Henry VI                        1460-1526                                                               Grubenhagen (1464-1526)
        Henry VII the Middle            1468-1532       Luneburg (1478-1520)
        Frederick III the Turbulent     1424-1503                                                                                                                                               Calenburg (1482-1485)
        William V the Younger           1425-1503                                                                                         Wolfenbuttel (1482-1491)                              Calenburg (1485-1491)
        Philip I                        1476-1551                                                               Grubenhagen (1485-1551)
        Henry VIII the Elder            1463-1514                                                                                         Wolfenbuttel (1491-1514)                              Calenburg (1491-1494)
        Eric II the Elder               1470-1540                                                                                         Wolfenbuttel (1491-1494)                              Calenburg (1491-1540)
        Henry IX the Younger            1489-1568                                                                                         Wolfenbuttel (1514-1568)
        Otto IX                         1495-1549       Luneburg (1520-1527)
        Ernest III the Confessor        1497-1546       Luneburg (1520-1546)
        Francis I                       1508-1549       Luneburg (1536-1539)
        Eric III                        1528-1584                                                                                                                                               Calenburg (1540-1584)
        Ernest IV                       1518-1567                                                               Grubenhagen (1551-1567)
        Francis Otto                    1530-1559       Luneburg (1555-1559)
        Henry X                         1533-1598       Luneburg (1559-1569)
        William VI the Younger          1535-1592       Luneburg (1559-1592)
        Wolfgang                        1531-1595                                                               Grubenhagen (1567-1595)
        Julius                          1528-1589                                                                                         Wolfenbuttel (1568-1589)                              Calenburg (1584-1589)
        Henry Julius                    1564-1613                                                               Grubenhagen (1596-1613)   Wolfenbuttel (1589-1613)                              Calenburg (1589-1613)
        Ernest V                        1564-1611       Luneburg (1592-1611)
        Philip II                       1533-1596                                                               Grubenhagen (1595-1596)
        Christian the Elder             1566-1633       Luneburg (1611-1633)                                    Grubenhagen (1617-1633)
        Frederick Ulrich                1591-1634                                                               Grubenhagen (1613-1622)   Wolfenbuttel (1613-1634)                              Calenburg (1613-1634)
        Augustus I the Elder            1568-1636       Luneburg (1633-1636)                                    Grubenhagen (1633-1636)
        George                          1582-1641                                                                                                                                               Calenburg (1634-1641)
        Augustus II the Younger         1579-1666                                                                                         Wolfenbuttel (1634-1666)
        Frederick IV                    1574-1648       Luneburg (1636-1648)                                    Grubenhagen (1636-1648)
        Christian Louis                 1622-1665       Luneburg (1648-1665)                                                                                                                    Calenburg (1641-1648)
        George William                  1624-1705       Luneburg (1665-1705)                                                                                                                    Calenburg (1648-1665)
        Rudplf Augustus                 1627-1704                                                                                         Wolfenbuttel (1666-1704)
        Anthony Ulrich                  1633-1714                                                                                         Wolfenbuttel (1685-1702/04-14)
        John Frederick                  1625-1679                                                                                                                                               Calenburg (1665-1679)
        Ernest Augustus I               1629-1698                                                                                                                                               Calenburg (1679-92)/Hanover (1692-98)
        George I Louis                  1660-1727       Luneburg (1705-1727)                                                                                                                    Hanover (1698-1727)
        Augustus William                1662-1731                                                                                         Wolfenbuttel (1714-1731)
        George II Augustus              1683-1760                                                                                                                                               Hanover (1727-1760)
        Louis Rudolph                   1671-1735                                                                                         Wolfenbuttel (1731-1735)
        Ferdinand Albert                1680-1735                                                                                         Wolfenbuttel (1735)
        Charles I                       1713-1780                                                                                         Wolfenbuttel (1735-1773)
        George III William Frederick    1738-1820                                                                                                                                               Hanover (1760-1820)
        Charles II William Ferdinand    1735-1806                                                                                         Wolfenbuttel (1773-1806)
        Frederick William the Black Duke1771-1815                                                                                         Wolfenbuttel (1806-07)/Brunswick(13-15)
        George IV                       1762-1830                                                                                                                                               Hanover (1820-1830)
        Charles III                     1815-1830                                                                                         Brunswick (1815-1830)
        William VII Henry               1765-1837                                                                                                                                               Hanover (1830-1837)
        William VIII                    1806-1884                                                                                         Brunswick (1830-1884)
        Ernest Augustus                 1771-1851                                                                                                                                               Hanover (1837-1851)
        George V Frederick              1819-1878                                                                                                                                               Hanover (1851-1866)
Hohenz  Albert                          1837-1906                                                                                         Brunswick (1885-1906)
Meckl   John Albert of Schwerin         1857-1920                                                                                         Brunswick (1906-1913)
        Ernest Augustus                 1887-1953                                                                                         Brunswick (1913-1918)

family tree

Heinrich the Lion
+- Wilhelm of Winchester
   +- Otto the Child
      +- Albrecht I the Tall
      |  +- Heinrich I the Admirable
      |  |  +- Heinrich II
      |  |  +- Ernst II
      |  |  |  +- Albrecht III
      |  |  |  |  +- Erich I the Winter
      |  |  |  |     +- Heinrich V
      |  |  |  |     |  +- Heinrich VI
      |  |  |  |     +- Albrecht V
      |  |  |  |        +- Philipp I
      |  |  |  |           +- Ernst IV
      |  |  |  |           |  +- Wolfgang
      |  |  |  |           +- Philipp II
      |  |  |  +- Johann III
      |  |  +- Wilhelm II
      |  |  +- Johann II
      |  +- Albrecht II the Fat
      |  |  +- Otto III the Mild
      |  |  +- Magnus I the Pious
      |  |  |  +- Magnus II the Necklace
      |  |  |     +- Friedrich I
      |  |  |     +- Bernhard I
      |  |  |     |  +- Otto VII the Lame
      |  |  |     |  +- Friedrich II the Pious
      |  |  |     |     +- Bernhard II
      |  |  |     |     +- Otto VIII Magninamous
      |  |  |     |        +- Heinrich VII the Middle
      |  |  |     |           +- Otto IX
      |  |  |     |           +- Ernst III the Confessor
      |  |  |     |           |  +- Franz Otto
      |  |  |     |           |  +- Heinrich X
      |  |  |     |           |  |  +- August II
      |  |  |     |           |  |     +- Rudolf August
      |  |  |     |           |  |     +- Anton Ulrich
      |  |  |     |           |  |     |  +- August Wilhelm
      |  |  |     |           |  |     |  +- Ludwig Rudolf
      |  |  |     |           |  |     +-(Ferdinand Albrecht)
      |  |  |     |           |  |        +- Ferdinand Albrecht
      |  |  |     |           |  |           +- Karl I
      |  |  |     |           |  |              +- Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand
      |  |  |     |           |  |                 +- Friedrich Wilhelm
      |  |  |     |           |  |                    +- Karl II
      |  |  |     |           |  |                    +- Wilhelm
      |  |  |     |           |  +- Wilhelm VI the Younger
      |  |  |     |           |     +- Ernst V
      |  |  |     |           |     +- Christian
      |  |  |     |           |     +- August I the Elder
      |  |  |     |           |     +- Friedrich IV
      |  |  |     |           |     +- Georg
      |  |  |     |           |        +- Christian Ludwig
      |  |  |     |           |        +- Georg Wilhelm
      |  |  |     |           |        +- Johann Friedrich
      |  |  |     |           |        +- Ernst August
      |  |  |     |           |           +- Georg Ludwig (George I)
      |  |  |     |           |              +- Georg August (George II)
      |  |  |     |           |                 +-(Friedrich Ludwig)
      |  |  |     |           |                   +- Georg Wilhelm Friedrich (George III)
      |  |  |     |           |                      +- Georg August Friedrich (George IV)
      |  |  |     |           |                      +- Wilhelm Heinrich (William IV)
      |  |  |     |           |                      +- Ernst August
      |  |  |     |           |                         +- Georg Friedrich
      |  |  |     |           |                            +-(Ernst August)
      |  |  |     |           |                               +- Ernst August III
      |  |  |     |           |                                  +-(Ernst August)
      |  |  |     |           +- Franz I
      |  |  |     +- Heinrich III the Mild
      |  |  |        +- Wilhelm IV the Victorious
      |  |  |        |  +- Friedrich III
      |  |  |        |  +- Wilhelm V the Younger
      |  |  |        |     +- Heinrich VIII the Elder
      |  |  |        |     |  +- Heinrich IX the Younger
      |  |  |        |     |     +- Julius
      |  |  |        |     |        +- Heinrich Julius
      |  |  |        |     |           +- Friedrich Ulrich
      |  |  |        |     +- Erich II the Elder
      |  |  |        |        +- Erich III
      |  |  |        +- Heinrich IV the Peaceful
      |  |  +- Ernst I
      |  |     +- Otto V the Evil
      |  |        +- Otto VI the One-Eyed
      |  +- Wilhelm I
      +- Johann I
         +- Otto II the Strict
            +- Otto IV
            +- Wilhelm III the Elder

reference